an overview of phosphate mining and reclamation

morocco phosphate mines origin

An Overview of Phosphate Mining and Reclamation in Florida Casey Beavers Graduate Committee: Dr. Rex Ellis, Chairman Dr. Edward Hanlon Dr. Greg MacDonald. Chat Online. Morocco phosphate production, Morocco economy Morocco is the phosphate kingdom of the world, with around 75% of the world''s phosphate reserves.

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Florida Mines Articles

Florida''s phosphate industry starts small and unimposing. Mining for the last 100 years, the phosphate industry has become Florida''s mining dilemma. A closer look at Florida''s phosphate strip mining industry displays a disregard for the environment based on their poor steward history.

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Integrated mined-area reclamation and land use …

A case study of surface mining and reclamation planning: international minerals and chemical corporation, phosphate operations, Polk County, Florida. [Land reclamation and use planning for phosphate operations in Polk County, Florida]. United States: N. p., 1977. Web. doi:10.2172/5277373. Copy to clipboard ...

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PART I LAND RECLAMATION: IN GENERAL (ss. PART II …

2021-5-12 · PART II PHOSPHATE MINING AND LAND RECLAMATION; RESEARCH (ss. 378.101, 378.102} PART Ill PHOSPHATE LAND RECLAMATION (ss. 378.201-378.212) PART IV RESOURCE EXTRACTION RECLAMATION (ss. 378.401-378.901) PARTI LAND RECLAMATION: IN GENERAL 378.011 Land Use Advisory Committee. 378.021 Master reclamation plan. ...

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Phosphate Mining and Reclamation

2020-6-17 · Activists pressed for increased regulations to protect certain ecologically sensitive areas from being mined at all. In 1975, a law was passed in Florida that made reclamation of phosphate-mined land mandatory. Reclamation means returning the land to a beneficial use after mining. Today, mining cannot begin without a reclamation plan in place.

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Prevention and Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage: An …

2014-6-19 · In: Proceedings 1990 mining and reclamation conference and exhibition, West ia University, Vol 1, pp 11–18 Google Scholar Brodie GA (1993) Staged, aerobic constructed wetlands to treat acid drainage: case history of Fabius Impoundment 1 and overview of the Tennessee Valley Authority''s Program. pp 157–166.

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Florida Reclaimed Phosphate Mine Soils: Characteristics ...

States (USGS 2011). Phosphate is typically extracted from the Earth via strip-mining, and thousands of acres are disturbed annually in Florida for production of phosphate rock. To date, more than 300,000 acres in Central Florida have been disturbed by phosphate mining (Brown 2005). The Florida Legislature has recognized that mining is a

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Phosphate | Florida Department of Environmental …

2021-7-27 · Four Corners Lonesome Mine_DEP Staff Jessica Duke_Dragline Phosphate Mining HPB4.jpg Florida''s Phosphate MinesThere are 27 phosphate mines in Florida, covering more than 450,000 acres. Nine phosphate mines are currently active. Nine mines are 100 percent reclaimed and released from reclamation obligations. The remaining mines are either not started or are shut down.

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Mining Environment and Circular Economy – …

2021-7-12 · Reclamation, rehabilitation and valorization of the mining sites Management, recycling and valorization of phosphogypsum The main objective of this session is to ensure an overview and to positively contribute to sustainable solutions related to phosphate mining.

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Landscape restoration following phosphate mining: …

2005-4-5 · Phosphate mining in Florida is open pit mining (see Fig. 1) where an overburden of approximately 10 m is stripped off and set aside and the clay/sand calcium phosphate matrix is removed. 1 During beneficiation, the calcium phosphate is separated from the sand and clay. The clays, now in a slurry mixture, are returned to the lands and stored in elevated clay settling areas that occupy ...

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50 POINTS!!!!!!! The mining of phosphate on an island …

2017-12-12 · 50 POINTS!!!!! The mining of phosphate on an island has stripped away soil and vegetation and forced people to import food. In your own words, suggest a method to solve this problem and explain how it would help to solve human, economic, and environmental issues associated with phosphate mining.

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Sand-Clay Mix in Phosphate Mine Reclamation ...

2018-11-21 · phosphate mining operations; however, their characteristics present many reclamation challenges. CSAs comprise 40% of the post-mining landscape, have dam walls between 20 and 60 feet in height, and remain irreclaimable for many years during active use. When no additional clays are to be added, CSAs must undergo a protracted process of draining

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Reclamation

Mechanical reclamation involves earth-moving equipment such as bulldozers, front-end loaders, and trucks, which load and haul or convey the material either to a screening and re-pulping system or all the way to the processing plant. Mechanical reclamation would normally only be considered for short distances, low rates of re-mining, and short-life projects, which could not carry the capital ...

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SL423/SS636: Sand-Clay Mix in Phosphate Mine …

Storing phosphatic clay by-products of phosphate mining and beneficiation is considered by industry people to be the most significant reclamation challenge in Florida phosphate mining. The two predominant methods of clay storage include conventional clay …

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Phosphate Mine Reclamation using native plants by …

The central Florida phosphate mining industry is regulated by DEP and is required to "reclaim" an area after it has been mined. This process involves putting the soil back and contouring it. Then the area must be planted. Many native species like switchgrass have proven to be excellent reclamation plants. Depending on weed cover, sometimes ...

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Phosphate Mining

2  · Phosphate Mining''s Significant Threats to America''s Water and Wildlife. Synthetic phosphate fertilizer poses a serious threat to our environment. Phosphate rock mining, along with the inorganic fertilizers and animal feed supplements and pesticides for which phosphate is mined, pollute our air, contaminate our water and destroy invaluable ...

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Reclamation of Phosphate-Mined Lands

2020-1-2 · Some of us left curious to learn more about the specific environmental impacts of the phosphate mining industry we were exposed to in this session that was focused instead on land reclamation. To date approximately 300,000 acres, or 460 square miles out of Florida''s total land area of 54,000 square miles, have been mined for phosphate.

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Phosphate Mining and Reclamation

2000-1-1 · The phosphate industry reclaims most mined land for aesthetic purposes, agricultural production, urbanization, recreation, and restoration of ecosystems. This chapter provides an overview of premining environmental conditions and mining operations, and discusses waste materials of the mining industry, and reclamation at various USA mining locations.

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Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary

2016-8-31 · Florida Phosphate Rock Quandary Many years ago, the ocean flooded an ancient land mass today we call Florida and a layer of sand and clay rich in tiny phosphate particles were deposited. There are only few areas of phosphate deposits in the United States. In fact, central Florida is estimated to contain 75-80 percent of the continental United States phosphate …

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CiteSeerX — An Overview of Phosphate Mining and …

Phosphate has significant economic importance in Florida, yet 70 % of surveyed Florida residents claimed that they were uninformed about the industry (Breeze, 2002). Residents who are aware of phosphate mining and fertilizer manufacturing in Florida tend to have strong opinions either in favor or in opposition to its presence.

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The Effect of Mining and Land Reclamation on the ...

2016-2-4 · EFFECT OF MINING AND RECLAMATION ON PHOSPHATE Rt-GIONS 1477 land (U. o. Environmental Protection Agency, 1975). Other impacts, including possible effects on radioactivity in ambient air, the food chain, and surface and ground water, have been raised in the press and i private discussions. The purpose of this study was to develop

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LAND USE CONFLICTS AND PHOSPHATE MINING IN …

2008-4-7 · land-pebble phosphate mining industry of Central Florida to identify trends in land use, conflicts in land use, and the effect of the conflicts on mineral ... After mining and reclamation, the land can again be used for agriculture, in many cases for higher agricultural uses because of improvements.

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An Overview of Phosphate Mining and Reclamation in …

2020-2-11 · phosphate mining and fertilizer manufacturing in Florida tend to have strong opinions either in favor or in opposition to its presence. This document is meant to provide an overview of phosphate mining and reclamation in Florida to address the following questions: Why do we care about phosphate? Why is phosphate mined in Florida?

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Reclamation and/or Restoration of Phosphate Mining …

2019-5-11 · Resolving the technical and economic challenges of successful reclamation or restoration is especially significant given the fact that CSAs represent ~40% of all existing phosphate mining land in central Florida (~160,000 acres).

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Reclamation: Strategies and Stages

Reclamation: Strategies and Stages. Giant draglines dig 25 to 30 feet into the earth to get at the valuable ore, which is part of what the phosphate industry calls "matrix.". Matrix is a mixture of sand, clay and the phosphate mineral. This strip mining leaves 50 to 60 foot …

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American Society of Reclamation Science > …

The publishing of proceedings was discontinued in 2012 when the Journal of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation (JASMR) was started. 2012 Tupelo, MS. 2011 Bismarck, ND. 2010 Pittsburgh, PA. 2009 Billings, MT.

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Phosphate mining

2014-11-11 · Phosphate Mining Phosphate is essential to every cell in humans, plants, animals every living thing It is necessary for many of the biochemical molecules and processes that define life itself Phosphate is a charged group of atoms, or ions It is made up of a phosphorus atom and four oxygen atoms (PO4) and carries three negative charges 3.

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The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

2020-10-13 · III. Overview of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. A. Purpose and Applicability Section 102 of the Act lists 13 separate purposes of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. These purposes display the usual something for everyone11 philosophy of most major pieces of federal legislation.

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Integrated mined-area reclamation and land use …

Integrated mined-area reclamation and land use planning. Volume 3B. A case study of surface mining and reclamation planning: international minerals and chemical corporation, phosphate operations, Polk County, Florida. [Land reclamation and use planning for phosphate operations in Polk County, Florida]

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Phosphate Mining Threatens Our Homes, Families ...

2018-7-20 · After mining, state-approved reclamation programs will result in productive land uses, including enhanced wildlife habitat and recreational opportunities. Sounds good, in theory. But let''s take a deeper look at facts of phosphate mining, past catastrophes and why Mosaic''s version of "reclamation" is so far off the mark from what could be ...

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An overview of phosphate rocks and their mining …

2016-10-12 · The impacts of mining activities and phosphate rocks. The impacts of mining activity and phosphate rocks are consistent with the chemical analyses of bedrock samples from the Duwi Formation (Tables 5 and 6; Dabous 2003). The analyses show that the source rocks are rich in P 2 O 5, CaO, and Fe 2 O 3 (Tables 5 and 6). Their leaching results in ...

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Multiple-Use Landscapes: Reclaimed Phosphate Mined …

Phosphate mining is a temporary land use. The jobs and economic activity associated with mining depart an area . once the resource is exhausted. In contrast, the landscape created as a result of mining and reclamation will exist in perpetuity. The legacy of mining is determined by the suitability of the post-mining landscape to support ...

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